Udzungwa Mountains National Park is a conservation area of about 2,000 sq km. It lies in the Iringa and Morogoro regions of south-central Tanzania where it is bordered by the Great Ruaha River to the north and by the road between Mikumi and Ifakara to the east. The major attraction of the park is its bio-diversity and unique rainforest where many rare plants, not found anywhere else in the world, have been identified. These range from a tiny African violet to 30 metre high trees. It is for this reason that Udzungwa is being proposed as Tanzania’s eighth World Heritage Site. The park is home to eleven types of primate. Five of these are unique to Udzungwa, including the endangered Iringa red colobus monkey and the Sanje crested mangabey. The plateau also supports populations of elephant, buffalo, lion and leopard. Visitors should not expect to necessarily see these larger species however as they tend to be found in the less accessible area of the park. Bush baby, or galago as they are sometimes called, bush pig, civet, duiker, honey badger and three types of mongoose are more likely to be seen. The park is also home to a number of rare forest birds many of which are only found in this area of Tanzania.
Tanzania’s climate is tropical, the temperature ranging between 22 and 30 degrees centigrade. December to March are the hottest months, while June to august is the coolest. Coastal areas are usually hot and humid. There are two rainy seasons: long rains from mid march to June and short rains form November to January.